List of Settlements

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  • Bekevar SK – formed 1900 with core population from single Hungarian village which it replicated
  • Bellamy Village ON – proposed 1891 by disciple of Edward Bellamy’s socialist principles
  • Colony of Avalon NL & Labrador – 1621, George Calvert’s effort to create permanent fishing settlement offering individuals freedom of religious choice
  • Compton Community of Belle River & Bangor PE – 1909 millenarian communal kin group
  • Esterhaz-Kaposvar SK – 1886, second village in Canada established by Paul O. Esterhazy, special agent of Hungarian immigration
  • Grand Falls NL – 1905 “garden city” as mill town realized to produce newsprint for London press baron, Alfred Harmsworth
  • Gardenvale QC – 1918, inspired by Ebenezer Howard’s town plans, FG Todd’s landscapes, Antigonish Movement study clubs
  • Hun’s Valley MB – 1885, first of Paul Esterhazy’s prairie settlements formed with mainly Magyar & Slovac Catholic families from Pennsylvanian mining region
  • La Kanado QC – rural farming collective for unemployed
  • Markland NL – 1934, first of 8 settlements incorporating communal farming, social & health programs, & Norwegian-style “folk” school
  • Maxwell ON – 1829, inspired by Robert Owen’s principles of common ownership & collective living
  • Otthon SK – 1894, founded by Rev. Janos Kovacs as farming settlement with settlers from Pennsylvanian mining region & Hungary
  • Pennfield NB (a.k.a. Beaver Harbour) – 1783 settlement by Quakers from U.S.A., all of whom signed pledge not to buy, sell, or keep slaves
  • Port Union NL – 1916, only North American utopian town built by a workers’ union
  • Rainbow Valley Colony BC – late 1920s colony of religious dissenters seeking simple lives
  • Ruskin BC – 1895, inspired by John Ruskin’s ideas of social reform via arts & crafts
  • Sacred Heart ON – 1934 Depression relief settlement using principles of barter, cooperation on privately purchased land
  • St. Ann’s NS – 1819 settlement headed by Norman McLeod to promote rigorous approach to Presbyterianism
  • Sammon Takojat BC (a.k.a. Webster’s Corners) – 1905, Matti Kurikka’s second effort to combine theosophical and communal values in a settlement
  • Sharon ON (a.k.a. Children of Peace) – 1812, former Quakers led by David Willson to form unique Christian sect
  • Shomria Farm ON – 1944, farm inspired by Zionist movement to encourage collective living
  • Sointula BC – 1901 Finnish settlement guided by Matti Kurikka & AB Makela using socialist-cooperative principles
  • Standfast Bible Student Colony BC – 1923, members living simply & communally while awaiting the end of the world
  • Sylvan Lake AB – 1906, established by Adalbert Tanche, inspired by social utopian model of Charles Fourier
  • Tompkinsville NS – cooperative housing built 1937 in coal-mining town inspired by Antigonish Movement, Mary Arnold, local families’ study club